In the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, traditionally only physiological parameters such as ECG, respiration and EMG are monitored. More recently, compressed two-channel or ideally more-channel EEG is recorded to continuously monitor the neonatal brain. However, the expertise to interpret the signal is usually not available around the clock. This translates to the need for automatic analysis tools that can support the neonatologist with reading the EEG. We developed a state-of-the-art neonatal seizure detector. More recently, we focus on automated interpretation of background EEG that contains valuable information about the outcome of preterm babies or babies suffering from asphyxia.